17 December 2013, 12:53

Ancestors of native Americans were born in Siberia - geneticists

Ancestors of native Americans were born in Siberia - geneticists

Native Americans come from Siberia. An international group of researchers that included Russian scientists studied the gene composition of the ancient residents of Siberia. As a result they obtained new data about the early stages of human population of various continents, including America. It turned out that the modern Native American tribe of Karitiana is the closest to the ancient Siberian people. The genes of residents of Siberia still comprise 38 percent of the DNA of Native Americans.

A boy who lived 240 centuries ago on the shore of Lake Baikal helped to determine the ancestors of Native Americans. His well-preserved remnants are stored in the Russian State Hermitage in St. Petersburg.

An international group of researchers from Russia, Great Britain, Denmark, the USA and Sweden performed a sequencing (deciphering) of the DNA of the Siberian boy from the Ice Age. Academician Elsa Khusnutdinova, one of the participants of the experiment and the head of the Human Molecular Genetics Laboratory at the Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics of the Ufa Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told the Voice of Russia about how the research was done:

"Samples were taken from the youth from the upper Paleolithic camp in Irkutsk Region. DNA was obtained from that bone sample. Its all-around examination allowed us to come to the conclusion that two populations of the Old World took part in the formation of the genetics of modern Native Americans. One of them was related to the modern representatives from Eastern Asia, the second one belongs to the residents of Siberia, related to the modern representatives of Western Eurasia. Before that the origin of Native Americans was only tied to Eastern Asia. Nothing had ever been known about the Eurasian component."

Thus, it turns out that the first population of America by Europeans took place not after the discovery of the continent by the explorer and navigator Christopher Columbus, but dozens of centuries before that. Modern science allows us to determine with great precision the route of migration of ancient people, points out Petr Slominsky, head of Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Inherited Diseases at the Institute of Molecular Genetics of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

"The modern human being appeared in Africa. Then he went via the region of today's Red Sea, went through today's Western Asia, i.e. through the territory of modern-day Turkey. Then there were several waves of population movement via different routes. One wave, which populated modern India, went South of the Caucasus. The second wave, which populated Siberia and the shores of the Mediterranean and Black seas, later went to the North of modern Caucasus. There was a deviation from that wave, which went to Europe. One can discuss the details of that route, but the general scheme will no longer change."

It has been decided to continue the successful example of international scientific cooperation in the area of genetics. Today the issue of the origin of human races is very interesting and insufficiently researched. Despite the fact that scientists can only carefully tackle this subject – taking into consideration political correctness – it is impossible to pass it up. If only due to the fact that only racial genesis is able to explain the intricacies of the adaptation of human populations to different conditions of their existence in the multiple climatic zones of our planet.

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