7 May 2013, 20:48

'We are approaching the breakup of Libya' - former Gaddafi advisor

Yousef Shakir
Yousef Shakir
Yousef Shakir

If the current tendencies in Libya's political life continue, the country will cease to exist as one state. Yousef Shakir, a former advisor to Gaddafi, gave such a forecast in his interview with the Voice of Russia.

Armed groups that surrounded a number of ministries in the Libyan capital announced that they would not lift the siege until they achieved the resignation of the government headed by Prime Minister Ali Zeidan. They explain their demands with the fact that many of the ministers were in high positions in Gaddafi's time. On Sunday, under the pressure of the protesters the General National Congress (Libya's parliament) already passed the law, which prohibited the officials of the Gaddafi time to take leading positions under the new regime. The protesters initially fought to have that specific document passed. Now they put forward new and more severe terms and conditions.

Who do these not so numerous protesters represent? Neither Libyan nor regional experts have a clear answer to this question. The protest participants call themselves «revolutionaries who came from all over the country». Nevertheless, the country's parliament has already demonstrated its eagerness to comply with their demands. Many experts in the region believe that the new law limits the political rights of the most socially active citizens. Muammar Gaddafi ruled for decades and all that time the majority of Libyans supported his regime.

If the current tendencies in Libya's political life continue, the country will cease to exist as one state. Yousef Shakir, a former advisor to Gaddafi, gave such a forecast in his interview to the Voice of Russia:

- This law will negatively affect the freedom rights of the Libyan citizens, as it infringes on the most elementary rights of a free person. Now the sword of Damocles will be hanging over the citizens, which can hit any of them at any moment. Anybody who is not wanted can be accused of having cooperated with the past regime. Life has shown what it led to in Iraq, or in Romania. This law will be another ingredient in that political game, which is played in Libya today. But looking at the scarce crowds protesting around the ministry buildings one must not think that all Libyans favor this new tendency. A number of citizens have already spoken against that law and protests have taken place. A question to the parliament comes up: how are they planning to further live with the people, to have dialogue, resolve disputes while at the same time passing such laws?

- Such people as Mohammed al-Makrif, the head of the General National Congress of Libya, or Mustafa Mohammed Abdul Jalil, the former head of the National Transition council, in theory can also be covered by this law despite the fact that they have approved it.

- Mohammed al-Makrif served as Libya's Ambassador to India when he resigned and declared his denouncement of the Gaddafi government and his switch to the opposition. Many others who declared themselves to be on the opposition side did the same thing, some sooner, some later. But in passing this law nobody drew a line between the firm supporters of the past regime and those who served Gaddafi, but then rebelled against him. Now if somebody speaks up against the current regime, he will immediately be accused of supporting the previous regime.

Those people who raised gun today in Tripoli, who believe they are helping their country by driving away former Gaddafi's officials, could ponder the fact that the country is already destroyed and torn apart. They need to defend the country not from their compatriots, who used to be in high positions under Gaddafi, but from the endless number of extremist groups, who have settled down in our country and are making it fall apart. It the current struggle for power continues, perhaps its final result will be the division of Libya into 3 or 4 separate states. And there will be no more Libya.

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