The world`s seven billionth baby, a boy, was born in Russia’s most western city of Kaliningrad on Monday night, at 00:02 local time. The city was not chosen at random because this is where the UN is going to unveil its plan on the current global population rate.
It must be mentioned, however, that the boy was chosen symbolically as it is impossible to known where exactly the seventh billion baby us born. It had been estimated by the UN that on Moday 31 October the world`s population would reach 7 billion. In 1999, a Bosnian boy named Adnan Mevic was hailed as the 6 billionth person on planet. We have reached 7 billion since then. Mr. Igor Beloborodov, the head of the Institute for Demographic Studies, comments:
"At first sight, 1 billion sounds like a huge number, but it is just a drop in the ocean for the planet. In the 1970s an interesting research was made to estimate the world`s maximum population at 60 quadrillion, a number with 16 zeros. So, you see that today we are too far from it."
Demographers have plenty of reasons to worry today. The demographic situation in Europe is a matter of great concern. Experts say that the population in some European countries might disappear within 800 years with 42% of the local population already living in the areas where the birth rate is falling dramatically. Nevertheless, these are countries with a record population growth: India, China, and Africa, where the population increase is at the world`s highest. Experts predict that by the end of the 21st century there may be 10 billion of us on Earth. The question is if there are enough resources for all, says Sergei Zakharov, the deputy head of the Institute for Demographic Studies at the Moscow Higher School of Economics:
"As far as resources are concerned, our planet is overpopulated already, otherwise we would not have witnessed deaths from famines and diseases related to poor quality of drinking water. Meanwhile, as our industrial and technology ambitions growth, the problem of water is getting more acute. So, the optimum population can be defined only relying on our present-day needs."
Although these are very challenging issues, and we all will sooner or later have to face them, the parents of the newly born Kaliningrad citizen are happy to have their third child. The boy was named Pyotr, he weighs a bit more than 3 kg with the height of 50 cm.
When the UN presents its population report, the parents of the seventh billionth child will receive a certificate to prove their contribution to the history of humankind.