Nanotechnology gaining momentum
Russia is creating a network of factories where nanotechnology is used. An enterprise that produces metal cutting tools coated with ultra-thin layers has been launched in the city of Rybinsk. These tools are used in manufacturing aircraft engines and equipment and in rocket and space industry.
Experts at the “Kurchatov Institute” of the Russian Scientific Research Centre developed the technology of applying coating on a cutting-tools and an installation for this purpose. This method has been integrated into industry with the assistance of the ROSNANO Corporation by selling the license for its use to the enterprise. In short, the technology was turned into a commercial item, says the director of the Kurchatov Institute, Mikhail Kovalchuk.
“ROSNANO Corporation has lately launched several ambitious projects in solar energy, in making light emitting diodes and carbon materials for the aircraft industry,” says Mikhail Kovalchuk. “The Kurchatov Institute has new developments in hydrogen energy and in membrane areas, and all these are linked to nanotechnology. It also embraces an institute that uses plasma technology and ion-implantation process based on semiconductor circuits. The next project is aimed at extending the durability of blades of aircraft engines and turbines of ships. The Institute “Prometei” in St. Petersburg is engaged in developing new alloys for pipelines and nuclear reactors that will help to extend operating life up to one hundred years,” Mikhail Kovalchuk said.
According to experts the world market of nano-products is estimated at billions of dollars. At present, in nanotechnology area Russia is at a level of the U.S and Europe and will become a leading producer in this area in the future, says Mikhail Kovalchuk.
“A diversified scientific sector is crucial for developing nanotechnology,” says Mikhail Kovalchuk. “Russia has preserved such a sector and is one of the key players on the nanotechnology market,” Mikhail Kovalchuk said. Russian-made nano-powders and nano-membranes have a high demand on the world market.
They are widely used in medicine and for the purification of liquids in communal area. The project aimed at developing new generation of lighting technology, the production of light-emitting diode chips and light-emitting diode lamps, which can be compared to the best products of the world.
At present, Russia’s share on the world market of these chips is only one percent. Among the promising projects is the development of poly-silicon structures that will be used in solar batteries.